Crystal clear waters are within reach! We know, cloudy pool water happens – in fact, it’s the most common pool water problem! That’s why this blog post is devoted to it.

Read on, we’ll explain:

  • The causes of cloudy water
  • How to clear up cloudy water
  • How to prevent cloudy water

We want to help you keep your pool sparkling throughout the entire swimming season!

Person in sun hat swimming in pool with crystal clear water

What causes cloudy pool water?

When you know what causes cloudy pool water, you can solve – and prevent – it quicker and return to crystal clear water.

  • Low sanitizer levels

Chlorine is the most common sanitizer whether from tablets or a salt generator. Not enough chlorine is one of the leading causes of cloudy pool water; when the chlorine level is too low, it’s unable to sanitize pool water adequately. The result: contaminants in the water build up and compromise clarity.

FROG® products allow you to use significantly less chlorine because they use FROG Minerals in conjunction with chlorine. Together, they kill bacteria 2 ways, with a low level of chlorine and FROG Minerals.

  • Water is out of balance

Improper water balance typically results in cloudiness. This is why testing your water regularly is important. Keeping water within the correct levels helps keep it clear.

Total Alkalinity (TA): 80 – 120 ppm

pH: 7.2 – 7.8 (we recommend 7.6 as the high range for hot tubs)

Total Hardness: 250 – 400

Image of a hand holding a balanced scale with water in the background.
  • High pH levels

When the pH rises above the recommended range of 7.2-7.8 it can cause cloudiness and inhibit chlorine effectiveness. High pH levels mean chlorine cannot do its job properly.

Elevated pH can also cause minerals like calcium and magnesium to precipitate out of the water, forming scale and deposits on pool surfaces and equipment.

  • Poor Filtration

Filter troubles are another common cause of cloudy pool water. If your pool’s filter system is not working properly, it can’t remove the contaminants that cause cloudy pool water.

If you’re not running the pump at least 8 to 10 hours a day, your pool water is not getting the filtration it needs to keep the water debris-free.

Keep your filter clean so it can do its job. Backwashing your sand or DE filter or rinsing your cartridge filter is good maintenance.

  • The Environment

Everything around your pool can cause cloudy water. Trees, bushes, grass near your pool can contribute to cloudy water.

If construction sites are nearby or other sources of dust and debris, it’s possible for those particles to enter the pool and make the water cloudy.

If you pool is uncovered, heavy rainfall means additional water with contaminants is in your pool. Plus, wind can carry dirt, pollen, leaves, and other foreign particles into your pool.

Dog walking on edge of pool

Pets are another source of contaminants. One dog in a pool = 50 swimmers. It’s best to keep your dog out of the pool, but if not, know you’ll be battling contaminants from your “best friend” – including dog hair in the filter.

When your pool is uncovered, prolonged exposure to sunlight and ultraviolet (UV) rays causes chlorine and other pool chemicals to breakdown, reducing their effectiveness.

All to say, more contaminants from sources like those just mentioned, mean more chlorine is needed, more often. And without adequate levels of chlorine, microorganisms can grow, and cloudy water can happen.

  • Pool use

Swimmers may introduce even more organic and inorganic matter into the pool. Who knew? Sweat, sunscreen, cosmetics, and urine are a few things each swimmer contributes to water problems.

Chemicals break down the various substances, which uses up chlorine reserves, and leaves less chlorine available to kill germs and keep the water clear.

More swimmers introduce more substances, and the more often swimmers use the pool, the harder chlorine must work. But hey – that’s what the pool is for, right?

It’s just a fact that if more swimmers use the pool more often, it’s more likely you’ll battle cloudy water.

  • Algae growth

Algae and cloudy water go hand-in-hand. Algae thrives in a pool where water is out of balance, pool filtration is inadequate or a lot of organic matter like leaves or twigs are allowed to linger in the pool.

Chlorine’s job is to fight bacteria. However, when water is out of balance, chlorine can’t work effectively. When debris is in the water, it uses up chlorine.

Pool skimmer picking up leaves

Old and/or dirty filters make chlorine work harder. Inadequate circulation means chlorine struggles to keep all the water clean.

If any of these factors occurs, even a small amount of algae present in your pool’s water can cause cloudiness.

That’s why the instant you detect algae, we recommend you treat it before correcting the cloudy water.

Don’t fret- we have an article on how you can get rid of algae in your pool here.

Key takeaway: if you notice your pool water is even a bit cloudy, it’s time to take action.

Now that you know the causes of cloudy water – learn how to correct it.

How to fix cloudy water

  • Make sure your water is balanced

It’s worth repeating: Keep your pool water balanced and you may avoid all kinds of pool problems.

Water balance describes the ideal condition of pool water. That means the water is within ideal levels of Total Alkalinity, pH, Total Hardness and CYA/Stabilizer level.

If your water is cloudy, test it.

Balanced water is within the following ranges:

  • Total Alkalinity: 80-120 ppm
  • pH: 7.2-7.8
  • Total Hardness: 180-220 ppm
  • CYA (Stabilizer): 30-50 ppm

Frequent testing and adjustment as needed will help you achieve and maintain water balance. Check out our water balancing guide for pools here.

Keep testing your water and making adjustments until it falls within the ideal ranges.

Orange booklet with information symbol on it
  • Use a chlorine shock

Low levels of chlorine can be a common reason for cloudiness in your pool, so it’s a great idea to shock the water to elevate the chlorine levels. This will sanitize the water and clear any buildup of contaminants.

Follow the manufacturer’s directions on the shock treatment you use to get the adequate amount of shock for your size pool.

  • Check your filter

Verify that your filter is working properly.

If you haven’t cleaned it, it’s time. Check with the manufacturer’s directions on how to clean your pool filter – when and how to clean a filter often depends on the type of filter you have.

Check for broken parts and replace if needed.

Keeping filters clean and in good condition goes a long way toward maintaining clean, clear water.

  • Run the pump

One of the easiest fixes for cloudy water is to increase  your pool pump run time per day. If you have cloudy water, run the pump 24 hours a day until water clarity is reinstated.

This kickstarts water filtration – an essential part of pool maintenance. Water must pass through the filter at least 2-3 times per day to properly filter and remove contaminants.

  • Vacuum debris

Why vacuum? Vacuuming your pool can temporarily agitate debris particles that caused the cloudy water. When these particles become suspended in the pool water, they are more likely to be filtered out.

If cloudy water persists, it may be time to use a pool clarifier to get those foreign particles out. Check with your local dealer, they can help and recommend any needed products.

And, there you have it – clear, balanced pool water!

Now, you’ll want to prevent cloudy water

  • Frequent filtration checks

It’s good practice to check your pump basket, skimmer basket and filter for debris or blockages at least once a week. Critters have been found in skimmer baskets – you’ll want to get them out asap.

A routine check will help you verify that each of these parts are effectively removing debris and organic matter from the water.

Backwash or clean your filter regularly too – keeping the filtration system in tiptop shape helps to avoid buildup that causes cloudy water.

  • Increase pump time

Consider increasing your pump run time if cloudy water happens often. It is recommended that your pump operates for a minimum of 8-10 hours a day.

During the hottest part of the summer, when warm temperatures promote algae growth and water cloudiness, it is a good idea to run your pool pump for longer periods.

  • Shock more frequently

An effective way to prevent cloudy water is to shock your pool more frequently.

When and how often to shock your pool:

  • after higher than usual bather load, like a pool party
  • after heavy rainfall.
  • once every week or two to maintain adequate sanitizer levels
Pool FROG Cycler, Flippin' FROG and FROG Fresh Mineral Water Logo

Regular shock treatments can help the water remain clear and free from contaminants, so you pool is ready when you are!

  • Maintain water balance

Every week test your water to make sure the key balancing elements are still in line

  • Total Alkalinity: 80-120 ppm
  • pH: 7.2-7.8
  • Total Hardness: 180-220 ppm
  • CYA (Stabilizer): 30-50 ppm

If you use Pool FROG®, Flippin’ FROG® or Instant FROG® you’ll have an edge against cloudy water because FROG products kill bacteria 2 ways – with a very low level of chlorine and FROG Sanitizing Minerals™.

Check out this video to learn more!

Cloudy water: No more

Say goodbye to cloudy pool water with these tips!

Yes, cloudy water happens – but now you know what causes it, how to clear it and how to prevent it.

If you need help, check in with your local dealer. Or check out our FREE FROG Water Care App for help 24/7. Download it now if you haven’t already.

And if you have questions – we’ve got you covered! Call us at 800-222-0169 or email us at customer.service@kingtechnology.com

We also have a chat box on our website for quick easy answers – try it out!

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